形容詞片語 ( 1 )

be able to ~     能夠

例:Tom is able to do the work . ( 湯姆能做這工作。)

【同】be competent to ~ ; be capable of ~

例:Nancy is competent of work as a secretary . ( 萳西能勝任秘書的工作。)

        I am capable to handling difficult situations . ( 我能處理困難狀況。)

【反】be unable to ~    不能

例:Mary is unable to teach English . ( 瑪麗不會教英文。)


be about to ~     即將要 …..

例:I was about to leave when Mary came . ( 我正要離開時,瑪麗就來了。)

【同】on the brink of ~ ; on the verge of ~

例:I knew Nancy was on the brink of crying though she was trying to hold it back . ( 雖然萳西努力克制自己,但我知道她快哭出來了。)

       This company was on the verge of bankruptcy when Tom promised to to help . ( 當這家公司正面臨破產邊緣時,湯姆答應幫忙。)


 be apt to ~     易於 , 傾向於

例:This child is so weak that he is apt to catch a cold . ( 這個小孩身子太弱以致於很容易感冒。)

【同】be prone of ~ ; be inclined to ~

例:Peter is a teacher and I am inclined to believe every word he says . ( 彼得是老師,我很容意相信他說的每一句話。)


be angry with ~     生氣 ( 對人 )

例:I am angry with Nancy , because she double-crossed me . ( 我氣萳西,因為她騙我。)

【比】be angry at ~  生氣 ( 對事物 ) 

例:Tom’s father is very angry at Tom’s failure in the entrance exam . ( 湯姆的父親對湯姆入學考試失敗非常生氣。)


be anxious for ( to ) ~  渴望

例:Tom is anxious for a new bike . ( 湯姆渴望能有一輛新的腳踏車。)

       Tom is anxious to know the result of the entrance exam . ( 湯姆著急著想知道入學考試的結果。)

【同】be eager to ( for ) ~  ;   be craving to ( for ) ~  ;  be yearning to ( for ) ~

例:I am yearning to ask Mary to marry me . ( 我渴望要瑪麗嫁給我。)


be aware of ~   知道

例:Tom is aware of the dangers ahead . ( 湯姆知道前頭有危險。)

【同】be conscious of ~

例:Tom is conscious of his own shortcomings . ( 湯姆知道自己的缺點。)

【反】be unaware of ~   不知

例:Being unaware of the hazard of smoking ,  John is addicted to it now . ( 約翰有菸癮,確不知吸菸的危險。)

【比】beware   小心

例:Beware of imitations ! ( 小心仿冒!)


be to blame ~   受過

例:Who is to blame for that loss ? ( 這次損失誰該負責 ? )

= Who is to be blamed for the loss ? 

【同】be responsible for ~    為 …. 負責

例:I should be responsible for the failure . ( 這次失敗我該負責。)


be busy with ~   忙於

例:Peter is busy with his new books . ( 彼得正忙於他的新書。)

【比】be busy ( in ) Ving

例:Tom is busy writing his love letters . ( 湯姆忙著寫情書。)


be careful of ~   小心;注意

例:You should be careful of the changing weather . ( 你應小心天氣變化。)

【同】be careful about ~

例:Girls are careful about their hair style . ( 女孩們留意她們的髮型。)


be absent from ~   缺席

例:Tom was absent from the meeting yesterday . ( 昨天開會湯姆缺席。)

【反】be present at ~   出席

例:I will be present at the meeting tomorrow . ( 我明天將出席會議。)


be afraid of  Ving ( N )   害怕 …..

例:I am afraid of John . because be often bullies me . ( 我怕約翰,因為他常欺負我。)

【同】fear ; dread

例:I fear John because he is a rascal . ( 我怕約翰,因為他是個流氓。)

       I dread John because he is a wanted gunman . ( 我怕約翰,因為他是警方通緝的槍擊犯。)

【比】be afraid to V

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