動詞片語 ( 2 )

fail to ~   未能

例:Tom failed to answer Prof. Lee’s question . ( 湯姆未能回答李教授的問題。)

【同】be unable to ~

例:Though Mr. Wang can speak English , he is unable to teach . ( 雖然王先生會說英文,卻不會教。)

【比】never fail to ~   一定會 …..

例:Prof. Lee never fails to be punctual for class . ( 李教授上課從不遲到。)


happen to ~   剛巧 ….

例:I happened to be broke when Mary asked me to take her to a dinner . ( 當瑪麗要我帶她去吃晚餐時,我剛好沒錢了。)

【同】chance to ~

例:On my way home I chanced to see the accident . ( 在回家路上我剛巧看到這場車禍。)


come to ~   如此認為 ( 只能以 it 為主詞 ) ; 甦醒 ; 逐漸 …..

例:It suddenly came to me that I should stop playing around . ( 我突然認為我應該停止鬼混了。)

       Tom finally came to after the artificial respiration . ( 實施人工呼吸後湯姆終於甦醒過來。

【同】come round

例:You will come to like Mr. Chao , because he is very gentle . ( 你會逐漸喜歡趙傳,因為他很溫柔。)


manage to ~   設法

例:Tom managed to save $5,000 to buy a camera . ( 湯姆設法存五千元,買了一部相機。)


tend to ~   易於;傾向於

例:People tend to be forgetful . ( 人皆易於健忘。)

【同】be inclined to ~ ;be prone to ~ ;be apt to ~

例:Weak children are apt to catch a cold . ( 體弱的小孩易於感冒。)


can’t afford to ~   負擔不起 ( 錢 )

例:I can’t afford to buy a car . ( 我買不起車子。)

【同】can’t afford sth.   負擔不起 ( 事 )

例:I can’t afford this loss . ( 我負擔不起這個損失。)


have got to ~   必須 ( 較口語用 )

例:You have got to help your brother with English . ( 你必須幫你弟弟學習英文。)

【同】have to ~


have only to ~   只要 ……

例:You have only to sit there and see how I do it . ( 你只要坐在那看我怎麼做就可以了。)

【同】All you have to do is ~

例:All you have to do is study hard . ( 你只要努力用功即可。)


used to ~   曾經 ….. ( 指過去習慣性的狀況 )

例:I used to smoke and drink . ( 我過去既抽菸也喝酒。)

【比】be used to ~   ; be accustomed to ~   已習慣於

例:I am used to the dirty air in Taipei . ( 我對台北的髒空氣已經習慣了。)

       I am not accustomed to the humidity on Yangmingshan . ( 我不習慣陽明山的潮濕。)


would like to ~   想要

例:I would like to meet you sometime next week . ( 下週我想與你會個面。)

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